Tips on how to handle diabetes in adults aged 65 and above
Diabetes mellitus is a medical condition that results from the accumulation of excess sugar in the blood stream. The glucose is obtained from the food we eat. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas and plays a crucial role in absorption of glucose by the body cells. Diabetes is of two types
- Type 1 diabetes mellitus. In this case, the body does not make insulin. It is as a result of an autoimmune disorder whereby the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the pancreatic cells responsible for making insulin. It is most times diagnosed from childhood.
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus. This is the common type affects the seniors. The frequency of its growth worldwide is becoming an alarming public health problem. About 90 to 95% of adults that happen to be diabetic suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus. According to a research conducted, diabetes mellitus (both diagnosed and undiagnosed) affects 10.9 million American senior citizens aged 65 and above. In this type of diabetes, insulin is produced but your body cannot utilize them very well.
Health complications that can be caused by diabetes?
High level of glucose constantly in the blood can be dangerous to the health. It can lead to problems such as;
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Eye problems
- Foot problems
- Renal diseases
- Dental diseases
Managing diabetes is not easy both for the old and the young but is usually more difficult more difficult to deal with at an advanced age. Here are some tips to manage your diabetic health condition:
- Always, always listen to your body
Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential you listen to your body. Check for signs of changes in blood sugar level, which may present as- excessive thirst, extreme hunger, polyuria (excessive urination), weakness and fatigue, blurred vision and tingling sensations in the hands and feet.
- Eat healthy, very important
Go green if you can. Add enough low-carb vegetables like spinach, onions, eggplants, mushrooms and tomatoes to your meals. Take low-carb beverages, drinks infused with fruits and vegetables and enough plain water. Avoid smoking as it would worsen your health condition.
- Keep active
Regular exercising such as walking, yoga running, swimming can help with weight management and reduce glucose levels. Having the right weight can help manage the condition.
- There is no better lifesaver than yourself
Unless it is a case of the frail and dependent seniors but if you can still do things on your own, then don’t take your health condition mildly. Take your medications as prescribed with the right dosage. Do not skip your meals and eat well balanced meal.
- Remember to check your glucose levels regularly
You need to monitor your blood glucose level as they are usually not static. It could go to the extremes (either hypoglycaemia or hyperglycaemia), if not controlled and both situations can be life threatening.
- Consider getting 2019 medicare advantage plans to supplement your healthcare.